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Ifertility in man has been one of the things many men are facing today . So if you are looking for the causes and to understand how it started and a way to cure it. Then relax and read carefully to understand it all.
What is infertility in males?
This is the inability of the male to achieve pregnancy in a fertile female. Male infertility is commonly due to a deficiency in sperm and semen quality. Sperm and semen quality is used as a surrogate measure in male infertility.
Causes of infertility in males:
- Per-testicular: This fact refers to a condition that impedes test support and includes poor hormonal support and poor general health.
- Drugs and alcohol.
- Strenuous riding/cycling
- Tobacco smoking – (male smokers have approximately 30% higher odds of infertility.
There is increasing evidence that the harmful product of tobacco smoking kills sperm cells.
- Genetic abnormality
- Excess exposure to radiation
Common example: An organ in a man that is fragile as an egg. It is called the “scrotum.” And men always like to put their phone inside their pocket, and cell phone emits “Radiation”; in that process, it hatches the egg and causes the sperm to be weak.
- Avoid smoking
- Limit or abstain from alcohol
- Stay clear of illegal drugs
- Keep the body weight balanced
- Don’t go into vasectomy
- Avoid high temperature
- Avoid stress (physical and mental)
- Avoid exposure to pesticides, radiation, and other toxins.
Infertility Symptoms and Causes
You are not the only one struggling to have children with your partner. The United States has 10% to 15% of infertile couples. Infertility can be defined as a couple not being able or able to become pregnant despite frequent, unprotected sexual relations for at least one year.
You or your partner may have an issue that causes infertility. Or, you could have a combination of several factors that prevents you from getting pregnant. There are safe and effective ways to increase your chances of becoming pregnant.
Infertility is characterized by the inability to get pregnant. Other symptoms may not be apparent. Infertility can sometimes lead to irregular or absent periods for women. Men with infertility might have hair loss or changes in sexual function.
Most couples will eventually have children, regardless of whether they are treated.
When should you see a doctor?
If you have been trying to conceive for more than one year, you don’t have to visit your doctor about infertility. If they are pregnant, women should see a doctor sooner.
- Are you 35 years old or older, and have you tried to conceive for at least six months?
- Are you over 40?
- Periods of absence or irregularity
- Be prepared for very difficult times
- Are you familiar with fertility issues?
- Are you a victim of endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or ovulation problems?
- Several miscarriages
- You have had cancer treatment.
If they are experiencing any of these symptoms, men should consult a doctor.
- Low sperm count and other issues with sperm
- An evidencing of sexual, testicular, or prostate problems
- Received treatment for cancer
- Scrotum swelling or small testicles
- Other members of your family who have infertility issues
To get pregnant, all ovulation or fertilization steps must be done correctly. Sometimes infertility can be caused by issues at birth. Other times, they may develop later in life.
One or both of the partners can be affected by infertility. Sometimes there is no cause.
Male infertility: Causes
These could include:
- An abnormal sperm function or production may be caused by undescended testicles or health problems like diabetes or chlamydia. Varicocele, which is an increase in the number of veins in the testes, can also affect the quality and quantity of sperm.
- Problems in the delivery of sperm because of sexual problems such as premature ejaculation, certain genetic diseases such as cystic Fibrosis, structural problems such as a blockage or injury to the reproductive system, and other problems such as premature ejaculation.
- Excessive exposure to certain environmental factors like pesticides and other chemical substances, and radiation. Fertility can also be affected by smoking, alcohol, marijuana, and medications for high blood pressure, depression, and bacterial infections. Regular heat exposure, such as in hot tubs and saunas, can raise the body temperature, which may decrease sperm production.
- Damage caused by cancer and treatment, including chemotherapy or radiation. Sometimes, cancer treatment can cause sperm loss.
What causes male infertility
Many factors influence natural male reproduction.
You should be able:
- Healthy sperm can fertilize the egg
- Perform an erection, and ejaculate to ensure that the egg’s sperm is reached.
Problems with any of these can cause infertility. Here are the top causes of male infertility.
The most common cause of male infertility is problems with making healthy sperm. Sperm can be abnormally shaped or immature. Sometimes, there may not be enough sperm. You may not produce any sperm. You may experience this problem due to many factors, including:
- Infections and inflammatory conditions. After puberty, infection with the mumps virus is one example.
- Problems with hormones or the pituitary gland
- Immune problems where you produce antibodies against your eggs
- Lifestyle and environmental factors. These include smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, marijuana use, steroids, and exposure to toxic substances.
- Hemochromatosis and cystic fibrosis are both genetic diseases.
Any obstruction to the genital tract could stop the flow of semen. This could be due to a birth defect or genetic defect. Semen can also be blocked by infection or inflammation caused by a sexually transmitted illness. Scar tissue or twisted, swollen scrotum veins can also cause semen blockage.
Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation are two other possible factors. Infertility can also be caused by liver disease, kidney disease, and treatment for a seizure disorder.
Who is at the greatest risk of male infertility?
If you’ve had the following:
- Past prostate inflammation or genital infections
- Torsion (or injury to) the testicles can cause twisting or injury.
- Early puberty or late puberty
- High temperatures can expose the genitals.
- Repair of hernia
- Undescended testicles
Prescription medicines can also put you at risk. These medicines include medications for high blood pressure, psoriasis, and depression.
What are the signs of male infertility?
If your female partner does not have a pregnancy after you try for one year, then you may have male infertility. This is one year of regular sex with no birth control.
To determine the cause of infertility, your healthcare provider will test you and your partner.
What is the best way to diagnose male infertility?
Your healthcare provider will review your health history and perform a physical exam. You may also need to have the following tests done for male infertility:
- Sperm count (semen measurement). On separate days, at least two semen samples must be taken. The provider will inspect the sperm and semen for many reasons. This includes how many sperm you produce, how uniform it looks, and how acidic. They will also examine how many sperm you make, how they move, and how they look.
- Blood tests. Your provider may use blood tests to test for hormones and rule out other issues.
- You may also need to take other tests. Your provider performs these tests to determine the cause of sperm problems or other health issues in the male reproductive system. Imaging tests such as ultrasound can examine your testicles, blood vessels, and the structures within the scrotum.
- Testicular biopsy. Your provider may take a small amount of tissue (biopsy) from each testicle if you only have a few or no sperm. Under a microscope, the sample will be examined.
What is the treatment for male infertility?
The cause of your infertility will determine the treatment.
This involves your partner helping you get pregnant. This could be done:
- Artificial insemination. This technique injects much healthy sperm directly into the partner’s uterus or at the cervix. The sperm will then make their way into the fallopian tubes.
- IVF, GIFT, and other techniques. Artificial insemination works like intra-fallopian fertilization (IVF) and gamete intrafallopian transfer(GIFT). Your provider will collect your sperm. Your provider then mixes your eggs with high-quality, high-quality fertilizer. The sperm and eggs may be mixed in a lab or your partner’s fallopian tube.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Your provider injects one sperm into an egg. The microscope is used to examine the egg for fertilization. The provider will place the fertilized egg inside your partner’s uterus.
If you are suffering from a hormonal disorder causing infertility, hormone treatment might help. Hormone imbalances can impact the development of sperm. These may result from a problem with the interaction of the hypothalamus, pituitary glands, and testes. Gonadotropin therapy and antibiotics may be used to treat the condition.
Your provider may use surgery to correct problems that prevent sperm from being made, matured, or ejaculated. Varicocele is a procedure that removes swollen, twisted veins from the scrotum. This can improve the quality of sperm.
Talk to your healthcare provider if you have any questions about your condition.
The key points regarding male fertility
- Male infertility is when a woman cannot have a baby with her male partner.
- There are many reasons male infertility may occur. There are two possible causes of male infertility. Cystic fibrosis is a possible genetic condition. Your genital tract may be blocked.
- Male infertility may be more common if you have experienced genital infections, injury or puberty early or late.
- The cause of your infertility will determine the treatment you need. There are many options for treatment, including artificial insemination, medications, and surgery.
Here are some tips to make the most of your visit to your healthcare provider
- Find out why you are here and what you want to see.
- Write down any questions you have before your visit.
- Bring someone along to help you remember your provider’s words and ask questions.
- Write down the name of the new diagnosis and any medications, treatments, or tests prescribed during the visit. Note any instructions that your provider has given you.
- Learn why you are being prescribed medicine or treatment and how it will benefit you. Know what side effects it may have.
- Ask your doctor if other treatments might be possible.
- Learn why a test is recommended and what the possible results could be.
- Be aware of what to do if you don’t take the medication or undergo the procedure.
- Write down any follow-up appointments.
- If you have any questions, find out how to contact your provider.
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